In your last weeks of pregnancy you have had instructions when to call and when to come in. When you come in the birthcenter or hospital you will be checked to see if you are in labor.
When the diagnosis ‘labor has started’ is confirmed, the clock starts ticking. If your labor is well managed you can be sure to hold your baby in your arms within 12 hours.
When labor has started your birth plan comes into effect.
The midwife will monitor the progress of labor and keep a partogram. This is a graph in which the course of the labor is plotted in time.
If your labor progresses well then you have effective contractions and there will be no need for interventions. You and your partner are laboring together and the midwife and doula and/or L&D nurse are there to support. The midwife will regularly listen to the baby’s heartbeat to check that he or she is still OK.
With first baby’s esspecially the most common complication is: failure to progress. You have regular painful contractions but dilatation does not go further. The muscle fibers in the womb are not working together well.
Failure to progress happens somehow less when women have good support. A known and trusted midwife or doula can make a difference.
The progress of labor is monitored with a vaginal exam. Some women are uncomfortable with a vaginal exam. It is wise to discuss this during pregnancy.
Women who are diagnosed as being in labor with less than 3 cm dilatation are the most at risk for failure to progress.
Some midwives and obstetricians therefor will tell you that you’re in the latent phase of labor with less than 3cm. Latent phase is something that does not exist. Labor has started or not. Compare it to: you’re a little bit pregnant, or this cloth is semi-sterile. Utter nonsense.
It is important to discuss in advance during your pregnancy: do you believe in latent phase?
Because, according to the believers, latent phase can last for as long as 8 hours. That means: 8 hours of hard work, coping with painful contractions without progress.
That is an incredibly demoralizing experience for most women and not to mention their partners who feel quite helpless seeing their loved one suffer.
As you can see on the picture of the partogram there is a diagonal line in it. In a well-supported and well-monitored birth the line of the dilatation runs parallel to the diagonal or bends to the left. The diagonal is the line that demarcates the limit of normality. When the line of your dilatation crosses the diagonal you are at risk for a prolonged, painful childbirth.